Seeing from the shell mound, it is safe to assume that the history of Haenyeo goes back to B.C. The first record, stating as "潛女(Jamnyeo)", was in 『Description of Jeju’s Natural Features』 and 『Collected works of Guchang』, which was recorded by Lee Geon, back in 1629. With weak body of women, Jejudo Island Haenyeos managed household ecnomy, and in doing so they took huge part in development of Jejudo Island through diving underwater and farming. Industry and toughness are the symbol of Jejudo Island women, but it is also true, that it is low-rated socially. Jeju Haenyeo Museum was made to re-evaluate Haenyeo culture who have devoted huge part in Jejudo Island economy history and the spirit of resistance to Japan during Japanese colonial period, and displays the information regarding seas, fishing village, folks, and fisheries with the world's unique Haenyeo culture as the center, to foster the educational value.